Types of Agricultural Water Use

When it comes to agriculture, there are two main methods that ranchers and farmers use. The first method is rain-fed farming, and the second one is irrigation. On the one hand, those who choose the method of rain-fed farming rely heavily on the rain as the main source of their water to their crops and plants. This method is safe and is considered to be less contaminating compared to the second option, but it oftentimes falls prey to water shortage. On the other hand, irrigation is the process of providing water to the crops and plants by means of artificial application of water through different systems of pumps, tubes, and sprays. It can be used for farming or even in commercial landscaping Miami, and projects that need an artificial water supply.

Contrary to what many people know, there are many types of irrigation systems. It can be sourced from groundwater by means of wells and springs, or surface water by means of lakes, rivers, and other water reservoirs. This is why it is important for the farmers and ranchers to be crucial when it comes to selecting water source and providing filters if necessary, to avoid contamination that can harm the plants or anything that receive the water.

Types of Irrigation System

As mentioned, there are many types of irrigation systems, depending on the water source and how the water is distributed, and choosing the ideal one should be based on several factors like source, method, convenience, etc.

1.Manual Irrigation

This method uses manual labor to distribute the water through the watering can. Although this method is very intensive, it is used in most third-world country farmers who lack access to advanced irrigation systems.

2.Sub-irrigation

This method raises the water table through canals, pumps, ditches, and gates to be able to be accessible by the fields. This method is effective in places where there is a high-water table source.

3.Localized

This method uses a piped network to distribute water in low pressure to each of the plants in the field.

4.Drip irrigation

As one type of localized irrigation, drops of water are distributed near or at the roof of the plants using drip irrigation. This method saves more water as water runoff and evaporation are minimized.

5.Surface

This method involves no mechanical pumps, and water is distributed by means of gravity.

6.Sprinkler

This irrigation system uses a system of sprinklers that move on wheeled towers and rotates to have a 360-degree reach to the plants.

7.Lateral move

The water is carried through a series of pipes and a set of sprinkles that can either be rotated manually or by a built-in mechanism. the sprinklers move across the field but they need to be reconnected to the water hose from time to time. This makes the process more laborious but less expensive.

8.Center pivot

This system uses a system of sprinklers that move on wheeled towers, and is often used in the United States especially in flat areas.

The Takeaway

The irrigation system is not just used for agricultural crops but also for plants in a landscape, and there are many companies that offer irrigation installation services that you can use even just in your lawn and/or backyard.

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